N. John Habraken (john@habraken.org)


PUBLICATIONS by N. John Habraken




Palladio’s Children, Seven essays on everyday environment and the architect. Edited by Jonathan Teicher, Tailor and Francis, London, New York, 2005.

Die Träger und die Menschen, Das Ende des Massenwohnungsbaus, Arch-Edition, Den Haag, 2001, by Arnulf Lüchinger,
ISBN 3-9522023-1-2 German translation of the Dutch "De Dragers en de Mensen, Het Einde van de Massa Woningbouw".

Supports: an Alternative to Mass Housing, U.K., Urban International Press, Edited by Jonathan Teicher. Reprint of the 1972 English edition.

The Structure of the Ordinary, Cambridge, London, MIT Press, 1998

The Appearance of the Form, Cambridge, Awater Press,1985. Private edition. Second ed. 1988.

Transformations of the Site, Cambridge, Awater Press, 1983. Private edition. Second ed. 1988.

General Principles about the Way Built Evironments Exist, Open House BCB series, SAR, Eindhoven, 1979

Variations, the Systematic Design of Supports, With J.T.Boekholt, A.P.Thyssen, P.J.M. Dinjens: MIT Laboratory for Architecture and Planning; distributed by MIT Press, Cambridge, USA and London 1976. English translation by W.Wiewel and Sue Gibbons from the original Dutch publication: Denken in Varianten,. Alphen a/d Rijn, Samson, 1974.

----Spanish translation: El Diseno de Soportes. Ed. Gustavo Gili, Barcelona 1979, second edition 2000.

----Chinese translation of 'Variations' by Prof. Wang, Ming Hung, Natl. Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan first edition 1989, second revised edition 2008.

Supports: an Alternative to Mass Housing. London: The Architectural Press, and New York: Praeger, 1972. First English-language edition. Originally published in Dutch under the title: De Dragers en de Mensen. Amsterdam: Scheltema en Holkema, 1962.

----Italian translation: Strutture per una Residenza Alternativa. Milano: Il Saggiatore, 1973. introduction: Franco Mancuso

----Spanish translation: Soportes: una alternativa al alojamiento de masas. Madrid, Alberto Corazon. 1976, translated by Fernando ramon.

Three R's for Housing, Amsterdam, Scheltema & Holkema, 1970; originally published in Forum, vol. XX, no 1, 1966.

----Spanish translation: Tres Notas Sobre Vivienda, inAUCA, no 29/30, Santiago de Chile, 1975; and Tres Principios Fundamentales para la Vivienda, in Summarios, No. 8, 1972, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

----Italian translation: A Come Abitare, in: N. J. Habraken ed il gruppo SAR, Instituto di Composizione Urbanistica, Venezia, 1973.

----Norwegian Translation: Bolig byggingens ABC, in Byggekunst, no2, vol 52, Norway, 1970

----French translation: Pour Qui, Pour Quoi: Reflexion a propos de l'Habitat. In:Environnement No. 3, 1970. Belgium.

De Dragers en de Mensen, Het einde van de massa Woningbouw., Scheltema & Holkema N.V. Amsterdam, 1961



"Concept Design Games: Book One: Developing. Book Two: Playing". A report submitted to the National Science Foundation. Cambridge: MIT Department of Architecture, 1987. With Mark D. Gross, and James Anderson, Nabeel Hamdi, John Dale, Sergio Palleroni, Ellen Saslaw, Ming-Hung Wang.

"The Grunsfeld Variations: A demonstration project on the coordination of a design team in urban design". Cambridge, MIT Laboratory for Architecture and Planning, 1981. With J.A. Aldrete-Haas, R. Chow, T. Hille, P. Krugmeier, M. Lampkin, A. Mallows, A Mignucci, Y. Takase, K. Weller, T. Yokouchi.

"Deciding on Density: An investigation into high density, low rise, allotment for the Waldeck Area, the Hague". Eindhoven, SAR, 1977. With Joop Kapteyns and John Carp.

"SAR 73, The Methodical Formulation of Agreements in the Design of Urban Tissues". First publication on basic principles of SAR method on urban tisue design. Eindhoven, SAR, 1973. With Henk Reyenga and Frans van der Werf.

"SAR 65, Proposals by the Foundation for Architect's Research". First publication of the basic principles of SAR method for support design. SAR, Eindhoven,1965. Principal Investigator, With Hans van Olphen.



La Botela WOBO, Article on the Heineken WOBO bottle In: Sin recursos Arquitectos numero 1/2009, informacion del Consejo Superior de los Colegios de Arquitectos de Espana.

Learning from the INO experience essay in: Systems Separation, Open Building at the Inselspital Bern, INO Project, 2009 Office of Properties and Buildings, Canton Bern, A Symposium focused on the INO Hospital Project New Center for Intensive Care, Emergency and Surgery, July 11-12, 2006. Bilingual edition German / English.

Supports: Housing and the City, Soportes:vivienda y ciudad, Experiencias 1, with Andrés Mignucci, foreword Josep Maria Montaner – Zaida Muxi, Barcelona 2009, Master laboratorio de la vivienda del siglo XXI, Report on the workshop under that name done at the Universitat Polytécnicad de Catalunya, Barcelona.

Design for Flexibility towards a research agenda, Review of the book “Flexible Housing” by Tatanja Schneider and Jeremy Till, Architectural Press,(2007) ISBN 978-0-75-068202-2. In: Building Research & Information, 36-3, 2008.

To Tend a Garden: thoughts on the strength and limits of studio pedagogy. Invited introductory essay in: Design Studio Pedagogy: Horizon for the future. Ashraf M. Salama ad Nicholas Wilkinson, editors, The Urban International Press, 2007.

Memories of a Lost Future, in: Back from Utopia, the Challenge of the Modern Movement. Huber-Jan Henket & Hilde Heynen, editors. 010 Publishers Rotterdam 2002. p.218-225.

Questions that will not go away, some remarks on long-term trends in Architecture and their impact on Architectural Education. in: Open House International, vol 31. no.2. 2006. Reprint of the 2003 publication, see below.


Werken aan het gewone, in: Beter bouwen en bewonen, een praktijkgerichte toekomstverkenning. Redactie drs. Michiel D.J. van Well, Stichitng Toekomstbeeld der techniek. 2004.

Die Umsetzung einer einfachen Idee. Das SAR-Konzept von Träger und Ausbau. Text based on an interview with Jesko Fezer,cs of Pro-qm. in: “Hier Entsteht” Strategien partizipativer Architectur und raümlicher Aneignung. metrozones 3 / bbooks. 2003.

Open Building as a condition for industrial construction. in: Proceedings ISARC 2003, 20th. International Symposium on Automation and Robotics in Construction. Eindhoven The Netherlands. Ger Maas, Frans van Gassel, Ed.

Emergent Coherent Behavior of Complex Configurations through Automated Maintenance of Dominance relations, With J.Willem R. Langelaan.In: Proceedings ISARC 2003, 20th. International Symposium on Automation and Robotics in Construction. Eindhoven the Netherlands.Ger Maas, Frans van Gassel, Ed.

Questions that will Not Go Away: Some remarks on long tern trends in Architecture and their Impact on Architectural education, in: Shaping the European Higher Architecture Education Area, Transactions in Architectural Education no. 18. Editors Constantin Spiridinodines and Maria Voyatzaki. ISBN 2-930301-14-7. 2003. Text and ill. of a Keynote speach at the conference of heads of Architectural Schools in Europe, Hania, Krete, Greece, 2003.

Memories of a Lost Future, Chapter in: Back from Utopia, The Challenge of the Modern Movement, Hubert Jan Henket and Hilde Heynen, Editors, 010 Publishers, Rotterdam, 2002.

Shared Forms and the role of designers, in: Open House International, Vol.24 no.4, 1999

Notes on a Network Profession, in: PLACES, vol 12, No.3, 1999

Formsheet, design data manager, a proposal, draft 1998, Unpublished paper.

Woningbouw en het Probleem van de Architectuur, in: LisA, Architectuurtijdschrift, jaargang 1, no 2. 1998

"Werken met Complexiteit",Chapter in: De Onvermijdelijke Revolutie, Konstable et.al. Editors, Stichting Maatschappy en Onderneming, SMO, 1998. Bijgewerkte vertaling van: The Control of Complexity 1987

"Forms of Understanding", Chapter in: The Education of the Architect, Post Renaissance, Post-Modern. Martha Pollak, Editor. MIT Press in 1997.

"The Power of the Conventional". paper in: Rethinking XIXth Century City, Attilio Petruccioli, Editor. Aga Khan Program. Proceedings of the international symposium sponsored by te Aga Khan Program for Islamic Architecture at Harvard Universuty and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Held at MIT, Cambridge, April 1996.

"Tools of the Trade",Discussion paper for the Department of Architecture, MIT, Februari 1996.

"\", in Stoa, annual review of EAAE, reprint of 1980 article, Jan, 1996

"Open Building: Principles and Practice".Invited Paper for the Instituto de tecnologia de la Constuccio de Catalunya, Barcelona, 1995.

"Support and Infill, Design and Implementation”. Proceedings, Seminar on Urban Housing Towards the 21st Century, Tainan, Taiwan. 1994. Later published in:Selected Papers on Open Building, towards a User friendly Building Industry", edited by Ming Hung Wang, The Architectural Institute of the republic of China.2000.

"The Open Building Approach, Examples and Principles". Seminar on Urban Housing Towards the 21st Century, Taipei, Taiwan. 1994.

"Cultivating the Field: About an attitude when making architecture. Places, Volume 9, Number 1, 1994.

"Open Building and Efficiency: Recent Developments in the Netherlands". Paper presented at the International Symposium on Frontline Issues on Research and Development, Housing for a World In Need. Israel: Faculty of Architecture and Town Planning, Technion Institute of Technology, May 1993.

"Cultivating the Field: About an attitude when making architecture". Israel: Faculty of Architecture and Town Planning, Technion Institute of Technology. May 1993.

"An Efficient Response to Users' Individual Preferences". Paper presented at the Housing Design 2000 Conference, September 1992.

"Operations: the Designer's Tools". Seminar paper MIT, draft for presentation. 1989.

"Type as a Social Agreement". Seoul, Korea: Third Asian Congress of Architects, Nov. 1988.

"The Uses of Levels". Proceedings of the UNESCO Regional Seminar on Shelter for the Homeless, Nov. 1988.

With Mark Gross, “Spatial Coordination Program". Tokyo. Research report for the Shimizu Corp.

With Mark Gross, "Concept Design Games". Design Studies, Vol. 9 , Number 3, July 1988.

"The Control of Complexity". Places, Vol. 4, No. 2. 1987.

"Shell Infill House: A study of the application of the Open Systems approach in Housing Design". Japan, May/June 1987.

"Control Hierarchies in Complex Artifacts".Proceedings, Conference on Planning and Design in Architecture. Protzen, Ed. Boston: International Congress on Planning and Design Theory, 1987.

With Mark Gross, "Concept Design Games: Design games for Experimentation in Design Theory and Methodology". Waldron, Ed. Oakland, CA:Proceedings, NSF Workshop in Design Theory and Methodology, 1987.

"Architecture and Agreement - A Report on Research for New Design Methods". (Overview of John habraken's work on design methods 1965-1985). Kenchiku Bunka,Volume 42, Number 486, April 1987.

"Three Ways of Seeing the Built Environment". London: Pidgeon Audio Visual Series, 1985.

"Towards a New Professional Role". Design Studies, Vol. 7, No. 3. 1986.

Who is Participating? "Design Coalition Team." Behesti, Ed. International Design Participation Conference Proceedings, Vol. 1, 1985. Also published in: "Occasional Paper" UK: University of Strathclyde, Dept. of Arch. and Building Science, 1985.

"To Share an Architecture". Die Aesthetic der Stadterneuerung . Fassbinder and Fuhr, Eds. Published as Materialien No. 2. Berlin: Hochschule der Kunste, 1985.

"Reconciling Variety and Efficiency in Large Scale Projects".Large Housing Projects; Designing in Islamic Cultures 5. Cambridge: The Aga Khan Program for Islamic Architecture, 1985.

----Turkish translation: "Liyum Degisim ve Kullanici Katilimi" in Rusen Keles, ed.,Konut ve Gelisme . Ankara: Ankara University, 1987.

"On Writing Form". Design Studies, Vol. 5, No. 3. July 1984.

"Notes on Hierarchies in Form". Working paper, fall 1983 - winter 1984.

"The General from the Local". Architectural Education 2, 1983. Also published in Open House International, Vol. 8, No. 2, 1983, and in Places, Vol 3., No. 5, 1985.

----German translation in: Trialog: Zeitschrift fur das Planen und Bauen in der Dritte Welt. No. 3, 1984

"Writing Form, a Formal Way to Describe Form Transformations". Working Paper, August 1983.

"Notes on Lay-out Methodology". VLSI Design, Working Paper, 1983.

"Notation of Position of Elements in Thematic Systems". Working Paper. 1982.

"Comment on: Hierarchical Design Methodologies and Tools of VLSI Chips”, a paper by C. Niessen", Eindhoven: Philips Physics Research Lab Working paper, 1982.

"Conventional Form". Paper, presented at the Seminar on Convention and Canons, MIT, 1982.

"'Angel', the Designer's Guardian. On the role of the computer in architectural design: a computer program development proposal." Working paper, 1982.

With Ming-Hung Wang: "Notation of the Design Process: The Six Operations". Working Paper,1982.

"Signs of Structures". Chapter of Transformations of the Site. Reprinted in Space and Society. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1982.

With Mark D. Gross. "The turtle tissue Project. Use of the computer in the design of urban tissues". Open House International, Vol. 7, No. 2, 1982.

"Methods for Efficient Housing Design". Invited paper, presented at the International Colloquium on Low-Cost Housing Financing, INFONAVIT, Mexico City, 1982.

----Spanish translation: "Metodo Para un Deseno Aficaz de la Vivienda". Eure.Santiago de Chile: 1982.

"Lower Housing Costs Through Design for Adaptability". Invited paper, presented to the International Colloquium on Low-cost Housing Financing, INFONAVIT, Mexico City, 1982.

"Thematic Systems Theory and Communication Among Those Who Investigate the Built Environment". Paper, presented at seminar of the ARCC, Ann Arbor, Michigan, 1981.

"Notes of a Traveller: On dilemmas of the researcher in architectural design methodology". Invited Article. Journal of Architectural Education, 1980.

"Around the Black Hole: Critique of ideology in architectural education". Invited article. Plan. Cambridge: MIT School of Architecture and Planning, 1980.

"The Leaves and the Flowers". Design study for town hall in Amsterdam. VIA, Culture and the Social Vision, Arch. Journal of the Graduate School of Fine Arts, University of Pennsylvania. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1980.

With E. Dluhosch. "The Role of Industrial Production for Increasing Housing Production in the Low Income Sector in Egypt". Ekistics, Vol. 47, No. 280, Jan/Feb 1980.

"The Built Environment and the Limits of Professional Practice". Chapter in R. Plunz, Ed., Housing Form and Public Policy in the US. New York: Praeger Press, 1980.

"Interventions: Professional and User Inputs". Open House, Vol. 5, No. 4, 1980.

"L'Ambiente Construito e i Limiti della Practica Professionale”. Spazio & Societa, Vol. 1, No. 1, 1978. Italian translation of "The Built Environment and the Limits of Professional Practice."

"Housing Cultivation instead of Mass Housing". Keynote address, Seminar on Development of New Approaches to Housing Policy and Production in Egypt. TAP Report 78-4. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT, 1978.

"Foreword" to Wampler, Jan, All Their Own: People and the Places They Build. Cambridge, Mass.: Schenkman, 1977.

"Creation Architectural et Industrie, Intervention au Colloque d'Yerres”. Techniques et Architecture, No. 311, October/November 1976.

"Ten Years of SAR". Open House, No. 1, 1976.

"New Design Concepts? Professional roles and the Existence of Built Environments". Proceedings EDRA7, Vancouver, 1976.

"Fragments, quotations from a lecture at Portoroz, Yougoslavia, 1975". In: "Dossier SAR". Techniques etArchitecture, No. 303, March, 1976.

"Grenzen van de Vakbeoefening". Plan, No. 5, 1976.

"Over de Gebouwde Omgeving en de Grenzen van de Vakbeoefening". Lecture at Eindhoven University, published by same. Also published in: Weg en Waterbouw, Vol. 35, Nos. 7 and 8. 1975.

"Experiences and Practical Application of SAR Methods in Design and Production of Houses". Paper presented at the Europrefab Conference, Paris. 1975.

"The Limits of Professionalism".Architectural Association Quarterly, Vol. 8, No.1.

With Rinus van den Berg, "Het ontwerp van het Inbouwpakket". Rotterdam: Bouwcentrum Rotterdam, 1974.

"Objectifs de l'Habitat et de son Industrialisation", contribution to B. Hamburger, Ed., CORDA-DGRST, Paris. 1974.

"SAR Design Method for Housing: Seven Years of Development in the Real World". DMG-DRS Journal for Design Research Methods, Vol. 7, No. 3, July/Sept. 1973.

"De SAR Methodiek". Woningraad, No. 4. 1973.

"Support Structure and Detachable Units on the Basis of Industrialisation and Participation". Toshi - Jutaku Urban Housing No. 55, 1972.

"Involving People in the Housing Process". RIBA Journal, November 1972.

"Playing Games". Architectural Design, No. 4, 1972.

"Das Ende Des Wohnbauprojectes". Architese, No. 1, 1972.

"SAR Methodiek; reorganisatie bouwproces". Series of three articles in Industrieel Bouwen, Nos. 5, 6, and 7, 1971.

"Individu en Industrialisatie". Lecture at Congress on Housing and Planning, published by Stichting Werkgemeenschappen Bergeyk, 1966, Republished, 1971.

"You Can't Design the Ordinary". Architectural Design, April 1971.

"SAR Methodiek: Reorganisatie Bouwproces". Question and answer by the author. Industrieel Bouwen, No. 5 and 6. 1971.

"L'Habitat, l'Homme, et l'Industrie". L'Architecture D'Aujourd'hui, Feb/March, 1970.

"De Integriteit van de Stad". Chapter in De Mens in de Stad van de Mens. The Netherlands: Samson N.V., 1970.

"The Pursuit of an Idea". Introduction to an issue dedicated to work by SAR. Plan, No. 3, 1970.

With Ir. M.F.Th. Bax: "Systematische Ontwikkeling van Plattegronden in een gegeven Woonstruktuur met Behulp van de Computer”. 1971 Bouw, Vol. 25, Nos. 31 and 32.

"Kommunikatie in Het Ontwerpproces". Lecture at PDOB post-graduate course. Delft Tech. University, 1970. Published by the Dept. of Arch. Tech. U. Eindhoven.

"Supports, Responsibilities and Possiblities". Architectural Association Quarterly, Winter 1968-69.

----French translation: "Supports, responsabilites et possibilites". in Bruno Fortier, Ed., L'Habitat comme Pratique. Paris: Institute de l'Environnement, 1974.

"Stichting Architecten Research: Industrialisierter Wonungsbau". Bauwelt, Heft 10, 1968.

"Het Alledaagse, over het Ontstaan van de Omgeving van Alledag". Initiatory Lecture at Dept. of Arch., Tech. U. Eindhoven. Rotterdam: Lemniscaat publ., 1967.Rotterdam.

"Individu en Industrialisatie in de Drager Woningbouw". Lecture at conference on SAR in Bergeyk, the Netherlands. Published by: Stichting Werkgemeenschappen Bergeyk, 1966.

"Stichting Architecten Research". A series of four articles in Misset's Bouwwereld, Nos. 2,3,4, and 5, 1966.

"Man and Matter". Forum, Vol. XVIX, No. 1, 1965.

"Quality and Quantity: the Industrialisation of Housing". Forum, Vol. XVIII, No. 2, 1964.

"The Tissue of the Town: Some suggestions for further scrutiny". Forum, Vol. XVIII, No. 1, 1964.

"Mens en Materie, de Creatie van de Alledaagse Omgeving". Wending, No. 12, 1964.


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